Türkiye ratified the Paris Climate Agreement in October 2021. Today, the country relies heavily on imported fossil fuels to meet its domestic energy demand. But, by embracing the massive growth of its renewable energy market – including biomass – Türkiye can achieve its long-term sustainability and energy security goals, while also meeting its climate commitments.
Türkiye’s untapped biomass sector presents huge opportunities to generate heat and electricity from agricultural waste. Although these opportunities appear attractive, there remains a lot of uncertainty in terms of costs, supply and aggregation, technology and scale.
UNIDO’s ongoing project in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry demonstrates the benefits of using agricultural residues, which have no other purpose, in the production of energy. Farmers typically burn these residues, emitting harmful pollutants into the atmosphere. If left in the fields after harvest, these residues, such as cotton stalks, can also host harmful parasites. But by fostering and promoting an environmentally sound bioenergy industry, Türkiye can decrease its dependence on imported coal, oil and natural gas, and also mitigate harmful greenhouse gas emissions.
In addition to showcasing modern and environmentally safe bioenergy technologies and processes, the project is working to simultaneously promote the benefits of renewable energy through awareness raising and the demonstration of various technology applications in selected Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) sub-sectors. Particular focus will be given to the potential of waste heat recovery in industrial plants.
In addition to showcasing modern bioenergy technologies, UNIDO is working to simultaneously promote the benefits of industrial energy efficiency through awareness raising and the demonstration of various energy efficiency technology applications in selected Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) sub-sectors. For example, the project supported a cooperation of local businesses and farm owners to utilize the broiler chicken litter in their facilities to generate heat and electricity. Through regular training initiatives and workshops the project expects to deliver a critical mass of energy efficiency capacity and biomass knowhow for both industry stakeholders and policymakers. The project also emphasizes gender balance in each step of energy generation and displays gender equality planning for all its awareness raising and training.
Türkiye’s national energy strategy aims to make the country’s energy supply more secure through diversification. The generation of more energy resources that are domestically sourced and also renewable is essential to achieving this goal. UNIDO is working with the government to strengthen existing incentives, which are designed to accelerate the use of biomass as an energy resource. This includes advice and support for the development of sustainable production, conversion and efficient utilization of bioenergy in line with the Renewable Energy Action Plan of Türkiye.
Although a number of renewable energy applications using organic waste have successfully obtained investment, Turkish investors are typically reluctant to finance biomass and/or industrial energy efficiency initiatives due to perceived risks. To overcome this, UNIDO is trialling and encouraging a number of financing mechanisms. This includes a dedicated credit support for selected projects sponsors wanting to experiment with the ESCO (energy service company) model. Additional measures, such as investment grants and tax breaks are also under consideration.
billion metric tons of CO2 mitigated through relevant direct and indirect project interventions.
bioenergy investments are supported financially (5 supply chains and 6 energy plants), and 7 academic works in bioenergy are partially granted (5 masters and 2 phds).
engineers, technicians, government and financial stakeholders trained in bioenergy technology and related applications.
thousand MWh energy saved through the replacement of industrial motors.